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Los Angeles Slip and Fall Attorney

Imonni Kennedy | San Bernardino County

"Mr. Reed is a awesome person he helped me a lot he was there walking me through everything and when I couldn't pick up the phone a he called and walk me through the whole process I don't know what I would have done without his help after my son died I didn't want to talk to nobody but he already had the paperwork done and everything done to get me exactly what I needed thank you"

Los Angeles Slip and Fall Attorney

Here's a summary of CACI 1000, 1001, and 1003, from the California Civil Jury Instructions that relate to slip and fall cases:

CACI 1000 outlines the necessary elements a plaintiff must establish for a claim of harm due to the way a defendant managed property. It states:

"[Name of plaintiff] claims that [he/she/nonbinary pronoun] was harmed because of the way [name of defendant] managed [his/her/nonbinary pronoun/its] property. To establish this claim, [name of plaintiff] must prove all of the following: 

1. That [name of defendant] [owned/leased/occupied/controlled] the property; 
2. That [name of defendant] was negligent in the use or maintenance of the property; 
3. That [name of plaintiff] was harmed; and 
4. That [name of defendant]'s negligence was a substantial factor in causing [name of plaintiff]'s harm."

CACI 1001 defines the duty of care owed by a person who owns, leases, occupies, or controls property. It emphasizes the necessity of keeping the property in a reasonably safe condition and specifies considerations for determining whether reasonable care was used:

"A person who [owns/leases/occupies/controls] property is negligent if that person fails to use reasonable care to keep the property in a reasonably safe condition. A person who [owns/leases/occupies/controls] property must use reasonable care to discover any unsafe conditions and to repair, replace, or give adequate warning of anything that could be reasonably expected to harm others."

CACI 1003 details the conditions under which a defendant is considered negligent due to unsafe conditions on the property:

"[Name of defendant] was negligent in the use or maintenance of the property if: 

1. A condition on the property created an unreasonable risk of harm; 
2. [Name of defendant] knew or, through the exercise of reasonable care, should have known about it; and 
3. [Name of defendant] failed to repair the condition, protect against harm from the condition, or give adequate warning of the condition."

These instructions collectively outline how negligence and duty of care are determined in the context of property management and safety, providing a framework for assessing liability in slip and fall cases.

Major Slip & Fall Cases

Here's a summary of the key quotations from cases cited in the California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) related to slip and fall cases:

1. **Rowland v. Christian (1968)**: Emphasizes that the duty of a premises owner is to act reasonably in managing their property considering the likelihood of injury to others. It states that a possessor of land must inspect the premises or take other proper means to ascertain their condition and, if a dangerous condition exists that would have been discovered by the exercise of reasonable care, has a duty to give adequate warning of or remedy it.

2. **Brooks v. Eugene Burger Management Corp. (1989)**: Notes that a property owner has a duty to exercise ordinary care in the management of the premises to avoid exposing persons to an unreasonable risk of harm. Failure to fulfill this duty is considered negligence.

3. **Kesner v. Superior Court (2016)**: Highlights that premises liability is based on the possession of the premises and the right to control and manage the premises. The duty arising from possession and control of property adheres to the same standard of care that applies in negligence cases.

4. **Alcaraz v. Vece (1997)**: Indicates that control over the property, not necessarily ownership, is sufficient for imposing liability for injuries occurring on the property.

5. **Ann M. v. Pacific Plaza Shopping Center (1993)**: Asserts that California law requires landowners to maintain their property in a reasonably safe condition and to take reasonable steps to secure their property against foreseeable criminal acts by third parties.

6. **Staats v. Vintner’s Golf Club, LLC (2018)**: Explains that the measures an operator must take to comply with the duty to keep premises safe depend on the circumstances, and this issue is typically a question for the jury unless the facts are not reasonably disputed.

7. **Taylor v. Trimble (2017)**: Clarifies that while a property owner is not the insurer of a visitor’s safety, the owner is responsible for injuries caused by their lack of ordinary care in managing their property.

8. **Ortega v. Kmart Corp. (2001)**: Details that to impose liability for injuries suffered due to defective conditions, the owner or occupier must have actual or constructive knowledge of the dangerous condition, or should have been able by the exercise of ordinary care to discover the condition. This case is extremely important in slip and fall cases where the defendant store does not keep sweep or aisle inspection sheets.  

9. **Getchell v. Rogers Jewelry (2012)**: Discusses the idea that if a condition causing a dangerous situation was created by employees of the defendant, then the defendant is charged with notice of the dangerous condition.

These cases collectively illustrate the evolving standards of care expected from landowners and occupiers in maintaining their property and ensuring safety, emphasizing the necessity of reasonable inspections and proactive management to prevent injuries.

Lawyers for Slip and Falls in Los Angeles County

Reed Law serves to be a law firm for disadvantaged communities in Los Angeles, Pasadena, the Inland Empire, San Bernardino County, Riverside County, and all over California.  Reed Law serves as a sword & a shield to protect its clients from unscrupulous insurance companies and big corporations.  Reed Law advocates relentlessly to obtain fair compensation for our client's injuries, lost wages, & pain & suffering due to the negligence of others.




  • No Fees Unless We Win

  • Almost a decade of trial experiences and hundreds of settlements against the largest insurance companies.

  • A specific legal strategy for your case as every case is different.  

  • We've recovered millions of dollars in settlements and awards for our clients in slip and fall cases throughout Southern California.

  • Free case evaluations to prospective clients

  • We Can Help You Pay Your Bills

What is a slip and fall accident?

A "slip and fall" accident refers to situations where an individual slips, trips, or falls as a result of a hazardous condition on someone else's property. These accidents can occur indoors or outdoors and can be caused by various factors such as wet floors, uneven surfaces, poorly maintained property, or obstacles in walkways. They are categorized under premises liability law, which deals with injuries that happen on property owned or maintained by someone else. Property owners, depending on the jurisdiction, may be held legally responsible if it can be shown that their negligence led to the unsafe conditions that caused the accident.

What should you do after a slip, trip or fall injury in Los Angeles? 

Step 1:  If you are injured, seek medical attention.  Go see a doctor and get your injuries documented.  Insurance companies will say you were not injured if you do no seek medical attentions.

Step 2:  Take photographs of the dangerous condition that caused you to slip, trip or fall.  If you are too injured, have a family member or friend take photos of the dangerous condition if your are with someone while you fall.  

Step 3:  Request a manager, employee, or security guard at the store or building to take an incident report.  When you request an incident report, many employees are trained to take photos and save surveillance videos of the incident. 

Step 4:  Get the contact information from anyone that may have witnessed your fall and who may have seen or reported the dangerous condition that made you fall.

Step 5:  Speak to a lawyer before speaking with a store's insurance company.  You can call Reed Law for a free case evaluation at (323) 545-6858 or (626) 421-6072.  When you speak to the store's insurance company, they will likely record the call, and anything you say may be used against you in the court of law.  However, insurance companies do not need to read you your Miranda rights.     

Who may be responsible for a slip and fall accident?

Responsibility for a slip and fall accident in California can vary depending on the circumstances of the incident and the laws of the jurisdiction where it occurred. Generally, the following parties might be held liable:

1. **Property Owners:** Property owners have a duty to maintain a safe environment for visitors. If an owner fails to address a known hazard, or should have known about the danger through proper maintenance, they can be held responsible for accidents that occur as a result.

2. **Business Operators:** In commercial settings, such as stores or restaurants, the operator of the business may be liable if the slip and fall was due to negligence in maintaining the premises or promptly addressing hazards.

3. **Landlords:** Residential property landlords might be liable if a tenant or visitor slips and falls due to poor maintenance of common areas like hallways, stairs, or walkways.

4. **Government Entities:** Municipalities or government agencies might be responsible if a slip and fall occurs on public property, like a sidewalk or in a public building, due to negligent maintenance or failure to repair known hazards.

5. **Employers:** In workplace environments, employers may be liable for slip and fall accidents if they do not maintain a safe workplace according to the required standards.

6. **Tenants:** Tenants can sometimes be responsible, particularly if they cause the hazard that led to the slip and fall, such as spilling something and not cleaning it up in areas they control.

Liability is often determined based on whether the party responsible for the property was negligent and whether their negligence led to the hazardous condition that caused the accident. Establishing liability often involves showing that the responsible party knew or should have known about the hazard and failed to correct it.

How can a slip and fall lawyer help me?

A slip and fall lawyer can be invaluable if you've been injured in such an accident, particularly in navigating the complexities of premises liability law and ensuring your rights are protected. Here’s how they can help:

1. **Assessing Your Case:** A lawyer can evaluate the details of your incident to determine if you have a viable claim. This includes reviewing the circumstances of your fall, the nature of the hazard, and the extent of your injuries.

2. **Gathering Evidence:** Lawyers can help collect crucial evidence to support your claim, such as security camera footage, witness statements, and maintenance records. They can also document the scene and your injuries to build a strong case.

3. **Determining Liability:** A slip and fall lawyer will identify all potential liable parties, which can include property owners, tenants, or maintenance companies, and establish their negligence.

4. **Calculating Damages:** They can accurately calculate the full extent of your damages, including medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and any long-term disability or medical needs.

5. **Negotiating with Insurance Companies:** Lawyers are skilled in negotiating with insurers to ensure you receive a fair settlement that covers your losses. They understand the tactics insurers may use to minimize payouts and can counteract these effectively.

6. **Representing You in Court:** If a fair settlement cannot be reached, a slip and fall lawyer can represent you in court, handling all aspects of the trial process to fight for your rights and secure the compensation you deserve.

7. **Providing Legal Advice:** Throughout the process, your lawyer will provide legal advice tailored to your specific situation, helping you make informed decisions about your case.

8. **Handling Legal Procedures and Paperwork:** They can manage all the necessary legal procedures and paperwork, ensuring that filings are done correctly and within statutory time limits, which is crucial for the success of your claim.

Overall, a slip and fall lawyer helps to alleviate the burden of the legal process, allowing you to focus on recovery while they handle the complexities of your case.

Slip and Fall Settlements and Payouts

How much do you get for a slip and fall?

The compensation for a slip and fall accident can vary widely depending on several factors. Here are key elements that influence the amount:

1. **Severity of Injuries:** More severe injuries typically result in higher compensation due to increased medical costs, longer recovery periods, and greater impact on the victim’s quality of life.

2. **Medical Expenses:** Compensation usually covers all medical treatments related to the accident, including future medical expenses if ongoing care is needed.

3. **Lost Wages:** If the injury prevents the victim from working, compensation can include lost wages, both current and future, if the injury affects long-term earning capacity.

4. **Pain and Suffering:** This non-economic damage compensates for the physical pain and emotional distress suffered due to the accident.  CACI No. 3905A defines pain and suffering as physical pain, mental suffering, loss of enjoyment of life, disfigurement, physical impairment, inconvenience, grief, anxiety, humiliation, and emotional distress.  Juries can find it difficult to calculate this amount because there is no fixed standard for pain and suffering and monetary value.  Insurance companies usually use a multiplier of your medical bills, and the severity of the incident, to determine what they will pay out for your pain and suffering. 

5. **Liability and Negligence:** The clearer it is that the property owner was negligent, the stronger your claim. Comparative negligence (where the victim is partly at fault) can reduce the compensation.

6. **Legal Representation:** Having an experienced attorney can significantly affect the amount of compensation, as they can effectively negotiate and, if necessary, litigate to secure a fair settlement.

Due to these variables, settlements can range from a few thousand dollars for minor injuries to substantial six or even seven-figure amounts for serious injuries involving long-term disability or chronic pain. Each case is unique, so specific figures depend on the individual circumstances of the accident.

Is there a limit to what you can receive for a slip and fall accident in California?

In California, there are no caps on economic and non-economic damages for slip and fall cases, which means there is no upper limit to the compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and other losses. However, there are a few specific rules and limitations to be aware of:

1. **Government Claims:** If your slip and fall accident occurred on government property, special rules apply. There are specific procedures and shorter timelines for filing a claim, and some limitations might be imposed on the amount of damages recoverable.

2. **Comparative Negligence:** California follows a "pure comparative negligence" rule. If you are found partially responsible for the accident, your compensation will be reduced by your percentage of fault. For example, if you are 20% at fault and the damages amount to $100,000, you would receive $80,000.

3. **Non-Economic Damages in Medical Malpractice:** While not directly related to slip and fall, it's worth noting that in cases of medical malpractice in California, there is a cap on non-economic damages (like pain and suffering), which could be relevant if a medical injury occurred due to a fall.

4. **Punitive Damages:** These are not common in slip and fall cases but could be awarded in cases of egregious negligence. There is no statutory cap on punitive damages, but they must be reasonable and proportionate to the harm caused and the defendant’s conduct.

So, while there are no direct caps on most types of damages in slip and fall claims in California, the specific circumstances of the case, including where and how the fall occurred, can influence the potential limitations and total compensation.

What if the store owner is a family member?

Yes, you can sue a property owner for a slip and fall case even if the property owner is a family member. Legally, the relationship between the parties does not prevent one from filing a lawsuit if there is a legitimate claim for injury due to negligence. However, there are several considerations to keep in mind:

1. **Emotional Considerations:** Suing a family member can strain or damage relationships, so it's important to consider the emotional and familial ramifications of such legal action.

2. **Insurance Claims:** Often, these types of claims are handled through the property owner's homeowner's insurance, rather than directly between the family members. This can alleviate some personal conflict, as the insurance company would cover the compensation for legitimate claims.

3. **Legal and Financial Impacts:** It's crucial to assess the potential legal costs and financial impacts on the family member being sued, especially if they are not covered by adequate insurance.

4. **Mediation or Settlement:** Before proceeding with a lawsuit, you might consider alternative dispute resolutions like mediation. This can provide a way to reach a settlement that helps cover your costs and losses without the formal adversarial process of a lawsuit.

5. **Advice from an Attorney:** Consulting with a personal injury attorney can provide guidance tailored to your specific circumstances. They can help navigate both the legal and personal complexities of filing a claim against a family member.

Ultimately, while you can legally pursue a claim, deciding whether to do so involves balancing the legal justification and potential recovery against personal and family considerations.

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